Ans. Rheumatologist is a qualified physician, with an specialised training and experience in the diagnosis
and treatment of arthritis, musculoskeletal conditions and various autoimmune disorders.
2. What is arthritis?
Arthritis means inflammation (pain, swelling) of the joint.
3. How do you know whether you have arthritis?
Arthritis patients will experience the following symptoms: pain and swelling of one or more joints,
feel stiffness in the joints - more in the morning, redness and warmth of the affected joints, recurring
pain and tenderness in the joints.
4. What is osteoarthritis?
It is a wear and tear arthritis affecting mainly weight bearing joints ( e g Knee) seen in old people.
5. What are the risk factors for osteoarthritis?
Obesity, repetitive kneeling, bending and squatting increases the risk of osteoarthritis.
6. Any special diet for arthritis?
No special diet is required for arthritis patients except Gout where low purine diet and limiting the alcohol are important.
7. What are the common Rheumatological conditions in general population?
The common rheumatological conditions are Rheumatoid Arthritis, Osteoarthritis, SLE(Lupus), Gout, CPPD, Scleroderma, MCTD, Polymyositis, Dermatomyositis, Polymyalgia Rheumatica, Giant cell arteritis, Osteoporosis, Osteomalacia, Rickets, Renal Tubular Acidosis, Takayasu’s, Wegener’s, Churg-strauss, Polyarteritis nodosa, Ankylosing Spondylitis, Psoriatic Arthritis, Reactive Arthritis, Enteropathic Arthritis, Juvenile idiopathic Arthritis, low back pain, Fibromyalgia, Tendinitis and bursitis.
8. How can a Rheumatologist help you?
A Rheumatologist helps in
• Making the correct diagnosis
• In treating the condition
• In recognizing the complications at an early stage
• In preventing further damage (Ex. joint deformities and contractures)